United States unveils list of 12 demands for Iran deal

The US will aim to "crush" Iran with economic and military pressure unless it changes its behavior in the Middle East, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo said Monday in a speech that many analysts saw as a policy of regime change in everything but name.

"That a man who has spent years working in a spying center, now - in the shoes of the foreign minister of the USA - wants to makes decisions for Iran and other countries is in no way acceptable", Rouhani said, according to the Iranian Students News Agency.

Pompeo on Monday also took aim at one of the more insidious elements of Obama's diplomatic strategy, which was that the countries most effected by the change in USA policy toward Iran - Israel and America's Arab allies - were not included in negotiations.

"The sting of sanctions will only grow more painful if the regime does not change course from the unacceptable and unproductive path it has chosen for itself and the people of Iran", the USA secretary of state said. The negotiators of the deal were the U.S., China, the European Union, Iran, France, Germany, Russia and the United Kingdom. "The Pompeo strategy requires wisdom and a change of the Iranian compass", Gargash said in a tweet on Monday.

Apparently referring to such states as Iran, he added: "Why are countries with nuclear warheads posing a threat to them?" The British Foreign Secretary, Boris Johnson, said the US plan for a "new jumbo Iran negotiation, a new treaty" is "very difficult" and hard to achieve "in anything like a reasonable timescale".

Izadi, an expert on the JCPOA and advisor to Iran's Foreign Ministry, said Iran may also step up the training of nuclear scientists. The United States, Iran, Britain, France, Germany, Russia, and China reached the accord after years of hard negotiations.

Iran foe Israel's Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu hailed Pompeo's speech, and urged the rest of the world to follow suit.

He said: "At the end of the day the Iranian people will get to make a choice about their leadership".

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Political analyst Jamal Abdi said the United States knew that Iran could never agree with such demands.

The US list also required Iran to cease backing Lebanon's Hezbollah, Gaza's Hamas, and the Palestinian Islamic Jihad. "Iran hid the archives, lied about it [and] moved it from place to place, because they are seeking nuclear weapons".

Everyone, including those who served in the Obama administration, would like Iran to stop these activities. As the Associated Press reported, "Taken together, the demands would constitute a wholesale transformation by Iran's government, and they hardened the perception that what Trump's administration really seeks is a change in the Iranian regime". "Iran will never again have carte blanche to dominate the Middle East".

The Iranians are unlikely to go along with any of Pompeo's demands, including a stop to uranium enrichment and ballistic missile tests, and allowing worldwide inspectors access to all sites.

The deal was agreed between Iran and the five permanent members of the UN Security Council - the US, UK, France, China and Russian Federation - plus Germany.

"He will not live forever, nor will the Iranian people abide the rigid rule of tyrants forever", Pompeo said.

The secretary also made an explicit appeal to the Iranian people. We've gone from a unified front against Iran to a unified front against President Trump's harebrained scheme.One wonders how a future president is going to fix the wreckage of American foreign policy this president will leave behind. Other analysts said the remarks amounted to a push for new leadership in Tehran and a return to traditional USA policy that could carry risks for the Trump administration.

  • Darren Santiago